Monday, September 26, 2016

English 10 Honors--The Components of a Well-Written Introduction

Hook: A sentence or series of sentences at the beginning of an introduction that "hook" or draw the reader in to the writing piece.  Basically, a hook is an intriguing start that makes the reader want to keep reading.  Below is a list of methods for hooking readers that you might want to consider:
  • Dialogue
  • Anecdote/Scenario
  • Philosophical Musing
  • Humorous Musing
  • Startling Statement
  • Stark Contrast
  • Analogy
  • Quote from Literature
  • Quote from Another Source
  • Rhetorical Question

Bridge: A sentence or sentences that are used to "bridge" the gap or transition between a writer's hook and thesis statement.  When a bridge is missing in an introduction, the reader thinks: How did you get from there to here so quickly?!

Thesis Statement: 
  • A sentence or sentences clearly stating the multi-faceted focus/point/purpose of an entire essay
  • Usually states some sort of claim
  • Provides the reader with a "roadmap" of what the remainder of the essay will address including the subtopics of each of the forthcoming body paragraphs
    • The subtopics previewed in the thesis statement are often called "focus words."
    • The focus words in a thesis statement should be in the same order as the body paragraphs themselves.
  • Relates clearly to the purpose-driven topic sentence(s) of each of the essay's body paragraphs
    • If a writer crafts his or her body paragraphs first, he or she can build out from his or her topic sentences in order to write a thesis statement.
  • Typically located at the end of an introduction